Posted by : Razib smile Saturday, July 13, 2013
About Dental Caries:
Dental caries is a pathogenic process of microbial etiology that result into localized destruction of tooth tissues.
It is a multi-factorial disease involving the following factors:
1. The host -particularly saliva and teeth.
ii. The microflora and their substrate.
iv. Time .
so, caries requires a susceptible host a cariogenic oral flora and a suitable substrate , all of which must be present together for a sufficient length of time .
Type of Dental Caries
Caries are of different types------
* Pits and Fissure caries.
** Smooth surface caries
*** Root caries
**** Deep dentinal caries
Prevention of Dental Caries:
We know , dental caries requires a susceptable host , a cariogenic oral flora and a suitable substrate, all of which must be present together for a sufficient length of time .
so ,caries prevention is based on the following attempt.....
a) By increasing the resistance of the host (By Fluoride therapy
b) By lowering the number of micro-organisms in contact with the tooth ( Plaque control by anti plaque agents )
c) Modification of the substrate by taking non cariogenic foodstuffs.
d) By reducing the time of the substrate to be in the mouth by limiting the frequency of intake as well as by increasing the frequency of mouth cleaning.